Over the course of time, the image of female beauty changes. And the famous words “beauty demands sacrifice” once had a literal meaning. It’s shocking what women did to seem attractive.
15th-17th centuries: chopine
Ladies of the 15th-17th centuries wore chopine shoes to protect their dresses from mud and demonstrate a high social position. Shoes told others about the identity and status of their owner. The height of chopine shoes could reach 50 cm, so the ladies who wore them needed a maid who would support her mistress.
1939: makeup protection
This way sharp dressers saved their makeup from rain and snowfalls. One of the drawbacks of the device was that it fogged up from the inside really quickly.
20th century: dimples
A feminine image was considered unfinished without charming dimples on the cheeks. In 1923, this device was patented. It was to be put on the face, fastened behind the ears and chin, and with the help of 2 outgoing rods press on the cheeks heavily and painfully. With prolonged use, the desired dimples appeared.
Renaissance: high forehead, no eyelashes
England, 17th century: white skin
A product with lead and vinegar was actively used: the skin truly became whiter, but over time it turned yellow, and it was impossible to reverse this process. Elizabeth I, Queen of England and Ireland, was an ardent fan of such cosmetics. Her face reached such a degree of whiteness that it was remembered in history as a “mask of youth.”
England, 17th century: venous network
To emphasize their high birth, women used a blue pencil to draw veins on their neck, chest, and shoulders.
Victorian era: lip biting
Queen Victoria prohibited the use of cosmetics. Nevertheless, this didn’t prevent women from finding a way out of the situation. Instead of blush and lipstick, they had to bite their lips and pinch their cheeks.
19th century: arsenic for beauty
In the 19th century, it was fashionable to eat arsenic to “give a blooming look to the face, shine to the eyes, and attractive roundness to the body.” However, there were side effects: arsenic accumulates in the thyroid gland and causes goiter and sometimes death.
Victorian era: green dresses
In the Victorian era, a green dye was invented which became a real trend among sharp dressers. The color was called “Scheele’s green.” To create it, a mixture of arsenic and copper was used, and it slowly killed the owner of the dress. The dye came into contact with mucosa and caused irritation, and it also gradually penetrated under the skin. The walls of houses were painted in the same color, exposing people to mortal risk.